Flora and fauna
As is usual in most of the sierra regions, vegetation also varies according to the altitude at Caparó. Vegetation is almost 100% of secondary type and well diversified. It shows Atlantic shrubs in the lower parts which gradually concede space to the open grasslands as the altitude increases.
Diverse endangered species, such as the Maned wolf, the Pampas deer, the cuíca, wild dogs, black beak toucans, tailed swallows, land canaries and the muriqui, the biggest monkey in America, are protected by the park. Likewise, the park is refuge for the conservations of mountain birds.
Influenced by its closeness to the Atlantic shrub, the park has a high tropical weather with annual average temperatures of between 15° and 24° C.
Fog and a thin rain caused by the humid winds coming from the ocean are common in the upper areas. The rainwater fills the rivers during the southern hemisphere's summer.
- The Caparaó river forms cascades and natural pools ideal for taking a cold bathe. The place has dressing rooms, toilets and even grills where you can roast a beef.
- The zone has a camping area with kiosks, tables, rest rooms, showers, dishwashers and a panoramic view of all the valley of the Caparaó river.
- It has an 80 metres high waterfall. It is one of the most beautiful spots in the park. The route leading to it is through a dirt road. The cascade is in the Jose Pedro river, in the limit of the states of Minas Gerais and Espíritu Santo.
Cascade of the Swallows
- It is in private property with various natural pools and opened to tourists willing to pay for the experience. It is located 13 kilometres away from the park, at the Jose Pedro river.
How to get there
From Minas Gerais:
- It is indispensable to be accompanied by a guide to take a hike to any point of the park. Do not forget to carry a flashlight with a good beam for the night, and a good supply of batteries for the cold weather exhaust them more rapidly than under normal conditions.
- Carry light and dehydrated food, brown bread, white cheese, raisins or dry fruits, chocolate, chestnuts, biscuits and other energizers.
- Cloths need to be wrapped up with plastic material to avoid getting wet with the rains.
- Excessive noise scares the animals and can disturb other tourist groups seeking peace and quiet.
- Carry enough water for the hike.
- In spite of the cold temperatures, open fires are not recommended.
- Eco-tourists must also avoid smoking during the hike.
- Remember that the park is destined to preserve all of its environment, so it is important to pick all your garbage and to bring it back with you.
Take the BR-116 highway up to Fervedouro, then the BR-482 up to Carangola. Then the MG-111 up to Alto Jequitibá, and lastly another 11 kilometres until reaching Alto Caparó.
From Espírito Santo:
Take the BR-101 highway up to Cosecha. From Cosecha follow towards Cachoeiro through the BR-482, then Alegre, Guacuí and Dolores de Rio Preto.